As many of us are aware, student evaluations of teaching are heavily relied on for hiring, firing, tenure, and promotion decisions. Yet, we also know these evaluations can be biased against marginalized faculty. When preparing my own tenure and promotion documents, I reviewed much of the research on bias in student evaluations and began compiling a list of this research. To help others interested in this research, I am sharing the studies I have found to date as well as those colleagues have shared with me. Many of these cover bias within student evaluations, but I’ve also included research on student evaluations broadly and on incorporating race in the criminology/criminal justice classroom that might also be useful. When I get more time, I’ll try to add more links. (If you have citations to add, please send me an e-mail.)
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Evans-Winters, V. E., & Hoff, P. T. (2011). The aesthetics of white racism in pre-service teacher education: A critical race theory perspective. Race Ethnicity and Education, 14, 461-479.
Ford, K. A. (2011). Race, gender, and bodily (mis)recognitions: Women of color faculty experiences with White students in the college classroom. The Journal of Higher Education, 82(4), 444-478.
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Gabbidon, S. L. (2002). Exploring the role of course content in criminal justice course evaluations: A case study. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 13(1), 101-112.
Gabbidon, S. L., and Preston, P. (2003). Teaching race and crime: Perspectives from the classroom. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 1(3/4), 109-124.
Ghorpade, J., & Lackritz, J. R. (1991). Student evaluations: Equal opportunity concerns. Thought & Action: N.E.A. Higher Education Journal, 61, 68-69.
Hamermesh, D. S., & Parker, A. M. (2005). Beauty in the classroom: Instructors’ pulchritude and putative pedagogical productivity. Economics of Education Review, 24, 369-376.
Hansen, W. L. (2014). Rethinking the student course evaluation: How a customized approach can improve teaching & learning. Liberal Education, 100. http://aacu.org/publications-research/periodicals/rethinking-student-course-evaluation
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Huston, T. (2005). Research report: Race and gender bias in student evaluations of teaching. Available from: https://www.hamilton.edu/documents/Race%20and%20Gender%20Bias%20in%20Student%20Evaluations%20of%20Teaching.pdf
Huston, T. (2006). Race and gender bias in higher education: Could faculty course evaluations impede further progress toward parity? Seattle Journal for Social Justice, 4(2), 591-611.
Kardia, D. B., and Wright, M. C. (2004). Instructor identity: The impact of gender and race on faculty experiences with teaching. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Center for Research on Learning and Teaching.
Kelly-Woessner, A., and Woessner, M. C. (2006). My professor is a partisan hack: How perceptions of a professor’s political views affect student course evaluations. PS: Political Science and Politics, 39(3), 495-501.
Kleinman, S., and Copp, M. (2009). Denying social harm: Students’ resistance to lessons about inequality. Teaching Sociology, 37, 283-293.
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MacNell, L., Driscoll, A., and Hunt, A. N. (2015). What’s in a name: Exposing gender bias in student ratings of teaching. Innovative Higher Education, 40(4), 291-303.
McCabe, K. A., & Laynen L. S. (2012). The role of student evaluations in tenure and promotion: Is effective teaching really being measured? The Department Chair, 22(3), 17-20. DOI: 10.1002/dch.20045
Mengel, F., Sauermann, J., and Zölitz, U. (2017). Gender bias in teaching evaluations. Journal of European Economic Association. Retrieved from https://sites.google.com/site/jansauermann/MengelSauermannZoelitz_GenderBias.pdf?attredirects=0&d=1
Merritt, D. J. (2012). Bias, the brain, and student evaluations of teaching. St. John’s Law Review, 82(1). Available from: http://scholarship.law.stjohns.edu/lawreview/vol82/iss1/6
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Mitchell, K. (2018, March 19). Student evaluations can’t be used to assess professors: our research shows they’re biased against women. That means using them is illegal. Slate. https://slate.com/human-interest/2018/03/student-evaluations-are-discriminatory-against-female-professors.html
Mitchell, K. M. W., and Martin, J. (2018). Gender bias in student evaluations. PS: Political Science and Politics, 51(3), 648-652.
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Pittman, C. T. (2010). Race and gender oppression in the classroom: The experiences of women faculty of color with white male students. Teaching Sociology, 38(3), 183-196.
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Statham, A., Richardson, L., and Cook, J. A. (1991). Gender and the university teaching: A negotiated difference. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Stark, P. B., and Freishtat, R. (2014). An evaluation of course evaluations. ScienceOpen. Available from: https://www.stat.berkeley.edu/~stark/Preprints/evaluations14.pdf
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Villalpando, O. (2002). The impact of diversity and multiculturalism on all students: Findings from a national study. NASPA Journal, 40(1), 124-144.